PDF | KEYWORDS ABSTRACT The paper applies at depicting inauthentic R.K. Narayan's ﬁrst novel Swami and Friends (), ﬁrst of his. In his usual winning, humorous style, R. K. Narayan shares his life story, Swami and Friends, The Bachelor of Arts, The Dark Room, The English Teacher. Read "Swami and Friends" by R. K. Narayan available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first download. R. K. Narayan (—).
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flung the note-book in Swaminathan's face, and drove him back to his seat. .. Mani, he admired Rajam intensely, and longed to be his friend. Now this was the . Swami and Friends is the first novel of Narayan published in This is really creditable for a . which forms the setting to most of the novels of R.K. Narayan. Swami and Friends Was the First Novel Written by RK Narayan - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
Under such conditions the writer has only to Chennapatna look out of the window to pick up a character and thereby a story. From her he learnt Sanskrit and mythology. His childhood companions were a peacock and a monkey.
Later he moved to Mysore. Here he studied at Maharaja's Collegiate High School where his father was the headmaster. Narayan failed his University entrance examinations twice. Finally, in , he graduated from Maharaja College in four years, instead of the regular three years. He visited the United States in at the invitation of the Rockefeller Foundation. Here he met Graham Greene for the first and the only time in a unique literary friendship that continued over five decades.
In he re-visited the United States and also made a trip to Australia which was funded by a fellowship by the Australian Writers' Group.
In , he travelled to the States again where he met the celebrated Swedish-American actress Greta Garbo - she was interested in the Vedanta Society, and Narayan taught her the Gayatri Mantra. In his novel, The Vendor of Sweets, inspired by his American visits and experience of cultural differences, was published.
In Narayan's works were translated into Chinese for the first time and he was also nominated to the Rajya Sabha - the upper house of the Indian Parliament - for his contributions to literature. In the early s, Narayan moved to Madras to stay with his daughter and son-in-law in their apartment. He continued to write, occasionally visiting his grandson in America.
Often, Narayan kept gazing through this window to look at the world passing by. There is so much to see. Narayan died of cardiac arrest on May 13 Ram, one of his close friends tells us that just a few hours before he went on a ventilator and breathed his last, Narayan, the master story teller had to be advised to not strain his lungs and keep quiet, for he continued to discuss his plans to write a novel on the life of his tahsildar grandfather.
He was critically acclaimed and honoured nationally and internationally.
He was also conferred honorary doctorates by the University of Leeds in , the University of Mysore in and Delhi University in In , he was awarded India's second-highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan. Narayan and the Literary Scene The twentieth century in which Narayan wrote is an extremely charismatic age, nationally and internationally.
This period witnessed cataclysmic events that altered hegemonic structures globally. There were two major world wars, widespread apartheid, anti-apartheid movements, and the settlement of Jews in Israel. It was in that India won Swaraj after a consistent struggle against the British and gave its indelible legacy, Ahimsa, to the world at large: a young nation with a unique cultural blend fascinated the globe. Contemporary Indian writers writing in English had the daunting uphill task of coming from a multi-lingual spool and splicing a non-indigenous language, English, with Indian tones.
The result was, and has been, remarkable: the language of these literary pioneers is masterly in its simplicity, fluidity and naturalness. The period from the s to the s is hailed as Indian Renaissance. The novels written during this period have a revolutionary fervour. Instances of young men caught at cultural crossroads teem the pages of these novels where humour and distress inextricably intertwine. Families and filial politics source the fictional material of these novelists, at times creating tragic and poignant situations and at times humour.
In Swami and Friends a schoolboy makes a ridiculous alibi to excuse his absence in class saying that his grandmother had died but no one could warrant her death since she had an extended line of relatives who were either missing from home or out of reach. This period of literary flowering is conspicuous in its indifference to Europeans who are largely absent from the pages of the Indian novelists writing in English.
Also, no comparison is made between them and the Indians. He is a well-rounded European character who is humane and sympathises with the cause of the coolies under his charge.
We come across many Anglo-Indians who are limned as social misfits and an unhappy lot. India is vitalised in the pages of the Indian novelists who do an incredible service to the world at large by introducing it to a country which is multi-faceted, complex and philosophically rich. The clash between the old and the new, the problems faced by the indigenous population and the undying belief in the intrinsic goodness of the human race are the major concerns of the novelists of the nineteen thirties.
It is due to these stalwarts that today the Indian authors are an international rage. Mulk Raj Anand and R. Narayan had an extremely trying time getting their first novels published. Anand had become desperately suicidal but his novel, Untouchables finally did get into print in Narayan is a remarkable literary personality who used the language of the colonialists and made it his own.
The easy, readable style for which Narayan has been critically acclaimed was the result of disciplined drafts and re-drafts of novels and stories. Each and every novel by Narayan is steeped in humanism which inculcates in us a faith in the universal goodness of human society which Narayan believes will continue to be the backbone of individuals despite its circumscript morality which rebels will have to gradually come to terms with.
According to Narayan, no man can be an island unto himself and life has meaning only when one learns to accept and come to terms with limitations. He took up average people as his subjects and delved into their ordinary lives and simple day to day problems that gradually reveal a profound stoic faith in humanity, God and the goodness of mankind — a typical Indian philosophical stance.
Narayan is an artist whose pages are peopled by persons we come across in our daily concourse. To read a text for the first time and feel an affinity with it is not trivial but a soul connect that can only happen because the text sublimates the particular into a universal. If this is done in a language that strikes a chord in its readers it is no mean task. And if critics belittle an author who has a firm control over a language it speaks volumes of acerbity against simplicity.
According to Srinivas Iyengar, he "uses the English language much as we used to wear dhotis manufactured in Lancashire— but the thoughts and feelings, the stirrings of the soul, the wayward Institute of Lifelong Learning, University of Delhi R.
This journey to self realisation is fraught with tensions and frustrations that have a tragic-comic element to them. The characters are simple-minded and their aspirations commonplace but their serious intent has an element of humorous incongruity to it.
In Bachelor of Arts Chandran consistently chalks out study schedules and plans to strictly adhere to them, it is a bitter sweet comedy that his sincere intentions are thwarted.
The stories ravel through lively, sparkling dialogues not staid and prosaic descriptions. In this respect he has been compared to Jane Austen.
The stories build through anecdotes and action where the authorial voice remains in the background. The status quo, howsoever obdurate and painful, is never disturbed.
There are no hardcore villains here. We find charlatans and tricksters who are glib and make quick buck by using their charm and eloquence to dupe the gullible. The world that Narayan creates is a world where villainy lies in chasing the mirage of dreams and trying to create a castle of wishful fancies with indifference to, not in defiance of, traditions.
Dreamers can never be irredeemable. Narayan empathises with all his characters irrespective of their level of goodness.
His recklessness lands him in prison. Though fictious. And then comes his friends. Happy reading. The story culminates with the founding of the M. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. The Krama Tantricism of Kashmir Vol. Rastogi Review by Raffaele Torella. Indian Council of Agricultural Research - Wikipedia. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Swami and Friends was the first novel written by RK Narayan.
Aveek Mukherjee. Ary Adenan. Adheep Das. Saad Abdullah. Tarhah Ghazali. Impact Journals. Satish P. Prince Kansagra. Shreeyesh Biswal. Avik Sarkar. Sashikala Malalingam. Rajadhiraja Yoga.
Raghunath Dayala. Popular in Malgudi. IJAR Journal. Onindya Mitra. Muhammed Asif. I was reminded, rather painfully on both counts, of driving my own father to distraction at my complete failure to grasp simple to him mathematical concepts and a very similar reaction for me when trying to do the same with my son.
Like many small boys Swami is often unsure of himself and looks for assurance from his peers. Apart from the obvious works where political awareness and consciousness is apparent for example, Waiting for the Mahatma and The Painter of Signs and even Mr. It was a response to the impact of British woven cloth on the domestic product and the brutal tactics of some colonial manufacturers who cut off the thumbs of some Indian weavers. Swami gets caught up in a riot and has lathi-bearing policemen bearing down on him.
This is serious peril and Narayan does not make light of it, although he takes pains to say the policeman reaching Swami, tapped him lightly on the head with his lathi. The major driver for Swami and his friends is then formation of a cricket team to play a challenge match. This represents the highpoint of his friendship with Rajam and Mani in particular. They organise themselves in an efficient manner, if not an entirely realistic one, especially their approach to the cricket supply company.
They also have a naive belief that the government will help them with gear. Typical Narayan touch. School parade drill prevents him from getting to cricket practice and Swami ends up in front of the headmaster for skipping drill: Swami had done so because he believed a doctor who told Swami he would tee it up with the school.
When he is hauled up before the headmaster, Swami realises the doctor has deceived him and was not treating him seriously so he learns a valuable lesson about adults. He told himself that it was unnecessary to enter the hospital, but in fact he knew that he lacked the courage. That very window in which a soft dim light appeared might have behind it the cot containing Swaminathan all pulped and bandaged.